As to the level are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly sexual behavior and mention intercourse

Even though the existence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable systems, it’s confusing exactly just how often television addresses the sexual dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.

As noted early in the day, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they will have frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, almost all of just just what was published up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), emphasizing exactly how certain programs have actually portrayed gay figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and explore sexual problems pertaining to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper centers on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included included in two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US television. Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the information analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly intimate behavior and discuss sex, present in tv development general and exactly exactly what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time programming? (2) When nonheterosexual content that is sexual take place, what’s its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, variety of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?

Method.Program Samples

A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to acquire two big yearly random types of tv programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive on most sections for the tv industry. Programs were taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast companies (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable systems (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). As the content analyses had been section of a bigger research study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few sites had been included for their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises an amazing quantity of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on a single); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for example Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos along with other programs (age.g., dating truth programs) watched by many people teenagers and adults.

Composite week sampling designs have already been utilized in past content analysis studies to have representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997).

This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily choosing times of the week or particular time slots for recording over weeks to cut back possible bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done inside a calendar week that is single. Recording regarding the test happened mainly over a 7 period in the fall each year week. Because season premiere episodes are staggered for the thirty days of September, we started taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign had been lost or the show was pre empted by sporting or other events that are special proceeded through the entire winter time.